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Chrome extension open popup from content script

By | 10.10.2020

And not dead. The docs are fairly good however, so take a look at them when building your tool. This is a method used by extensions like the various adblockers to identify and remove adverts. Every extension needs a manifest file. It declares what files are a part of your project and tells Chrome how to use them. You also set metadata like icons and descriptions which will be used when you upload your extension to the Chrome app store this is the only sensible way to distribute it outside of a corporate environment.

All the files for your extension should be in the same directory, which will be zipped up when you upload it. The manifest is what binds it all together. There are plenty more elements that can be used in an extension, but this list covers the core that will get most of your extension built and most other parts are for specific tasks.

In this case, the extension will load content scripts when on any page on Google and use the tabs API. See more. More on this in the next section. I made it because I often watch old films and google the cast and then am shocked and saddened to find out that actors that were young attractive women in are now dead.

Pop up blocker for Chrome™ - Poper Blocker

So this extension allows me to live in a glorious past where everyone ever is still alive. You must supply 3 icons at sizes 16, 48 and px. These are used on the extensions page and the toolbar. Download them here and save them into the directory at the same level as manifest. You can now load your bare bones extension into Chrome. Tick developer mode on the top right which allows you to load your own extensions. You should now have something that looks like this:.

There you go. To modify a page we need a content script. Add the following to your manifest in addition to the above:.

Message Passing

Go back to the extensions page and hit reload this is very important. If you ever wonder why nothing changed even though you updated the code this is probably the reason. Go to a page on Wikipedia and now you should see this:. Download it from here and drop it in the top level of the extension directory.

Then update the manifest to include it:. Now we have jquery available to us so we can select elements in the page and remove them. We can choose when we want the content scripts to be injected. So update manifest. Maybe sometimes the user should face up to reality and find out the truth. We could add a bit more functionality to this by creating an undo button that adds back all the death notes to the page.

Create a popup: [popup. Check the console of the page and… oh, nothing there. The browser action writes to its own console since its separated from the page.

Now update these files to create the functionality of a button that sends a message that can be received and acted on by the content script:. Now you can open up the popup and reverse the effect of the extension at will.In the following figure, the multicolored square to the right of the address bar is the icon for a browser action.

A popup is below the icon. If you want to create an icon that isn't always visible, use a page action instead of a browser action. Register your browser action in the extension manifest like this:. You can provide any size icon to be used in Chrome, and Chrome will select the closest one and scale it to the appropriate size to fill the dip space. However, if the exact size isn't provided, this scaling can cause the icon to lose detail or look fuzzy. Since devices with less-common scale factors like 1.

This also ensures that if the icon display size is ever changed, you don't need to do any more work to provide different icons! A browser action can have an icona tooltipa badgeand a popup. The browser action icons in Chrome are 16 dips device-independent pixels wide and high. Larger icons are resized to fit, but for best results, use a dip square icon. You can set the icon in two ways: using a static image or using the HTML5 canvas element. Using static images is easier for simple applications, but you can create more dynamic UIs — such as smooth animation — using the canvas element.

For unpacked extensions, images must be in the PNG format. The actual image to display will be selected from the set to best fit the pixel size of 16 dip. The icon set can contain any size icon specification, and Chrome will select the most appropriate one.

Browser actions can optionally display a badge — a bit of text that is layered over the icon. Badges make it easy to update the browser action to display a small amount of information about the state of the extension.

Set the text and color of the badge using browserAction. If a browser action has a popup, the popup appears when the user clicks the icon. The popup can contain any HTML contents that you like, and it's automatically sized to fit its contents. To add a popup to your browser action, create an HTML file with the popup's contents. For other examples and for help in viewing the source code, see Samples.

Limits the change to when a particular tab is selected. Automatically resets when the tab is closed. If you specify the callback parameter, it should be a function that looks like this:. The tab to get the title from. If no tab is specified, the default title is returned.

The callback parameter should be a function that looks like this:.

chrome extension open popup from content script

Sets the icon for the browser action. The icon can be specified as the path to an image file, as the pixel data from a canvas element, or as a dictionary of one of those.Extensions are able to leverage the same debugging benifits Chrome DevTools provides for web pages, but they carry unique behavior properties. Becoming a master extension debugger requires an understanding of these behaviors, how extension components work with each other, and where to corner bugs.

This tutorial gives developers a basic understanding of debugging extensions. Extensions are made of many different components, and these components have individual responsibilities.

Download a broken extension here to begin locating error logs for different extension components. Click the Load Unpacked button and select the broken extension directory. After the extension is loaded, it should have three buttons: DetailsRemove and Errors in red letters. Click the Errors button to view the error log. The extensions system has found an issue in the background script. Additionally, the Chrome DevTools panel can be opened for the background script by selecting the blue link next to Inspect views.

chrome extension open popup from content script

The background script is attempting to listen for the onInstalled event, but the property name requires an upper case "I". Update the code to reflect the correct call, click the Clear all button in the upper right hand corner, then reload the extension. Now that the extension initializes correctly, other components can be tested.

Refresh this page, or open a new tab and navigate to any page on developer.

chrome extension open popup from content script

Navigate back to the Extensions Management Page, the Errors button has reappeared. Click it to view the new log. This can be corrected by calling the tabs. Update the code, click the Clear all button in the upper right hand corner, and then reload the extension. Refresh the page, open the popup and click the green box. Navigate back to the Extensions Management Page and The likely culprite is the content script, which runs inside the web page.

chrome extension open popup from content script

Only runtime errors, console. To use DevTools from within the content script, click the dropdown arrow next to top and select the extension. The error says color is not defined. The extension must not be passing the variable correctly. Correct the injected script to pass the color variable into the code. Logs for extension pages displayed as a tab, such as override pages and full-page optionscan be found in the web page console and on the extensions management page.

The popup will often make all of the required network requests before even the speediest of developers can open DevTools. To view these requests, refresh from inside the network pannel. It will reload the popup without closing the DevTools panel.Extensions are event based programs used to modify or enhance the Chrome browsing experience.

Events are browser triggers, such as navigating to a new page, removing a bookmark, or closing a tab. Extensions monitor these events in their background script, then react with specified instructions.

A background page is loaded when it is needed, and unloaded when it goes idle. Some examples of events include:. Once it has been loaded, a background page will stay running as long as it is performing an action, such as calling a Chrome API or issuing a network request.

Additionally, the background page will not unload until all visible views and all message ports are closed. Note that opening a view does not cause the event page to load, but only prevents it from closing once loaded. Effective background scripts stay dormant until an event they are listening for fires, react with specified instructions, then unload. Background scripts are registered in the manifest under the "background" field. They are listed in an array after the "scripts" key, and "persistent" should be specified as false.

The only occasion to keep a background script persistently active is if the extension uses chrome. The webRequest API is incompatible with non-persistent background pages. If an extension currently uses a persistent background page, refer to Background Migration Guide for instruction on how to switch to a non-persistent model.

Listen to the runtime. Use this event to set a state or for one-time initialization, such as a context menu. Structure background scripts around events the extension depends on. Defining functionally relevant events allows background scripts to lie dormant until those events are fired and prevents the extension from missing important triggers. Extensions can remove listeners from their background scripts by calling removeListener. If all listeners for an event are removed, Chrome will no longer load the extension's background script for that event.Thatkookooguy yes.

I'll leave this here in case anyone needs a heavier template. Function writes t3 on console. Never before this even tried a Chrome Extension. Found this, check how to load on chrome. Danharper thanks for the idiomatic kit for getting things going. Danvine thanks for the heavier template.

Looks great and will try that. I plunged into extension stuff, as I was getting tired of High Contrast Chrome extension not working, or only working sporadically. Not sure why or what in my environment is making it not work. But I need something like that badly. That would be good for the start to be extended other pages as well. Though beware, you may experience some priority issues doing it this way.

For some use cases the previous is enough. For others my recommendation is to inject a script that injects the css that you need. Hey, I'm a java noob and i'm trying to inject a script onto a live page. If anyone here can help me out just a little that would be great! PM me at twokeywood -skype or twokeywood gmail.

Just create a new script element, add it to the document and then set the src to your url. This is a newbie question: When I hear "Chrome Extension", I think of code that the user has to agree to run, and that can be removed by the user at any time.

Is this like that, or is "extension" an overloaded word in this context, and means something else? Here is what I have tried. Skip to content. Instantly share code, notes, and snippets.Since content scripts run in the context of a web page and not the extension, they often need some way of communicating with the rest of the extension.

For example, an RSS reader extension might use content scripts to detect the presence of an RSS feed on a page, then notify the background page in order to display a page action icon for that page. Communication between extensions and their content scripts works by using message passing. Either side can listen for messages sent from the other end, and respond on the same channel.

A message can contain any valid JSON object null, boolean, number, string, array, or object. There is a simple API for one-time requests and a more complex API that allows you to have long-lived connections for exchanging multiple messages with a shared context.

It is also possible to send a message to another extension if you know its ID, which is covered in the cross-extension messages section. Simple one-time requests If you only need to send a single message to another part of your extension and optionally get a response backyou should use the simplified runtime. This lets you send a one-time JSON-serializable message from a content script to extensionor vice versa, respectively.

An optional callback parameter allows you handle the response from the other side, if there is one. Sending a request from a content script looks like this: chrome. This example demonstrates sending a message to the content script in the selected tab. This looks the same from a content script or extension page.

If you want to asynchronously use sendResponseadd return true; to the onMessage event handler. Note: If multiple pages are listening for onMessage events, only the first to call sendResponse for a particular event will succeed in sending the response. All other responses to that event will be ignored. Note: The sendResponse callback is only valid if used synchronously, or if the event handler returns true to indicate that it will respond asynchronously.

The sendMessage function's callback will be invoked automatically if no handlers return true or if the sendResponse callback is garbage-collected.

Long-lived connections Sometimes it's useful to have a conversation that lasts longer than a single request and response. In this case, you can open a long-lived channel from your content script to an extension pageor vice versa, using runtime. The channel can optionally have a name, allowing you to distinguish between different types of connections. One use case might be an automatic form fill extension.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. Just one problem:. In Chrome Extension i have popup.

User click's a button, popup. And if i move above code to popup. So i tried everything i found but i dont get the chrome. Here is my code with comments:. Thanks to wOxxOm for pointing me to a data URI to transport the json document into the browser from background. Learn more. Firefox extension: Open window and write dynamic content Ask Question. Asked 4 days ago.

Active 3 days ago. Viewed 35 times. Just one problem: In Chrome Extension i have popup. Here is my code with comments: popup. Extension manifest must request permission to access this host chrome. New contributor. The modern approach is to pass the data to a dedicated page, example.

BTW, executeScript won't help you as it's only for content scripts and those are for web pages, not for extension pages. I looked at the "modern approach" and I would need solution 4. Still hoping for some simple solution since i got a 3-liner doing the job right now. You can probably use a data URI with full html inside instead of about:blank.

Awesome wOxxOm!! Thats exactly the simple solution I was hoping for - I never thought about that : I'm gonna post an answer to my question. I like to send you a little bounty if you like, please check dashdevs. Active Oldest Votes. Be nice, and check out our Code of Conduct. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. Sign up using Facebook. Sign up using Email and Password. Post as a guest Name.

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